Homework: A timeline 1997: Just over 6 in every 10 primary schools made their pupils do homework 1998: government publishes advice for schools in England and Wales about setting homework (e.g. Pupils aged 5 to 7 should do 10 minutes of homework a night) 1999: Around 9 in 10 primary schools are setting homework 2012: government gets rid of its guidelines, saying that schools should get to decide for themselves. Homework generally means work that is set by teachers for you to do outside of your normal school hours. When you're younger, your parents might help you to. But as you get older, you will generally take more responsibility for doing your homework on your own. Professor sue hallam from the Institute of Education - who is one of the most experienced researchers into homework in the uk - says that in 1997, just over 6 in every 10 primary schools made their pupils do homework. Just two years later, this had risen to around nine in ten primary schools and the majority still set homework now.
Homework and 5 reasons They don
Homework debate: What's the issue? Guide: Is homework a good idea or not? The Christmas holidays are over and it's back to school! That means lessons, assembly, seeing your friends and - for oral a lot of you - time to do homework again! While giving homework to pupils in secondary schools is generally seen as a good idea, some don't think that kids in primary schools should have to. What do you think of homework? For the last 100 years or so, experts have been trying to work out if it is beneficial to give homework to kids in primary schools. In the uk, the government says it's up to the head teacher to decide whether or not their school will set extra work like this. Rules about homework changed so the head teacher gets to decide (March 2012). Find out more about both sides of the argument with Newsround's guide, and then let us know what you think of doing homework when you're in primary school.
If a child does poorly on an assignment then they will learn what is necessary to do well and on the next test without being punished. It also provides students with the opportunity to practice at what it takes to be successful in school. Like they say, practice makes perfect. Doing homework is also a great way to develop responsibilities. By paperwork being assigned work one day and knowing that it has to be done by the next day, they will develop a sense of punctuality by turning their work in on time. And finally it allows parents to see how their children are being educated and they can develop a better idea of how they can help their child. However, some parents, students and even some teachers feel that after 7-8 hours of lessons in school, it is unfair to expect students to come home and work for another three hours. The potential Harm, the first reason that children should not be given homework is that they need time to relax and take their minds off work.
To use it effectively, you have to ensure that it is benefiting your learners and that the exercises you give them are not merely busy work. 5 reasons Kids need Homework and 5 reasons They don't. The benefits of homework has been debated by teachers and parents for years as the very word evokes very negative connotations to every involved, students, parents and teachers. Although many people think of homework as doing more harm than good by causing copious amounts of unnecessary stress to everyone, others believe that it has great advantages for children by encouraging them to think more independently outside the classroom. The benefits, the first benefit of homework is that it allows students and teachers to work more closely together. They can discuss their assignments or any problems that they are having with parts of their textbooks, before or after classes. The second benefit is that it can bring families closer together as students may ask their parents or siblings for help on their homework. Not only will this help the students get a better understanding of their work with any parts they are stuck on, it will also allow parents to get more involved in their child's educational life. Thirdly, doing homework will prepare students for the big end tests.
Homework : Is It good for Kids?
Some exercises that are on the net work best as self study materials anyway. Think about the resource you want learners to use and in book particular whether it is more suited to classroom use or for personal study. Furthermore, assigning research tasks that require learners to go out into the wider world and independently find resources that link to what you did in class can be a useful and motivating activity. Key questions: does the task work better as homework than it would in the classroom environment? How can you get learners to find a resource that develops on what you did in class? The case against #4: They dont really need. People are constantly learning in the 21st Century and traditional homework should become obsolete within the next decade.
Thanks to technology, learning is now a constant in our lives. With access to applications, software programs, as well as educational websites such as the Khan Academy, learning is an ongoing process. So much of paper what learners can access is through the medium of English that it is unlikely that they can spend many days of their lives without acquiring some knowledge of the language from their everyday environment. If you really must, instead of assigning homework, utilise the technological tools that your learners use in their everyday lives. Get them doing something in English with their phones or on Facebook. Summing up, im not the worlds biggest fan of homework, but used correctly it can be a good teaching tool.
The case against #3: Homework doesnt lead to better performance. Too much homework can be a bad thing. Research indicates there is a weak link between achievement and homework, particularly in young learners. Furthermore, countries that assign more homework dont outperform those with less homework. Countries such as America and the uk have relatively high levels of homework in schools and yet dont show a correlation with high performance.
Japan is one country that has taken the opposite route, having instituted no homework policies at younger levels to allow family time and personal interests. Finland, one of the most successful nations in terms of international tests, limits high school homework to half an hour per night. While a small amount of well thought out homework can be beneficial, assigning excessive amounts of homework is at best counterproductive. If you really must, a good tactic, particularly for teachers of young learners, is to assign homework for improving study skills, rather than learning. Assign homework that is uncomplicated and short, which involves families or friends, and which above all engages learner interests. The case for #4: Homework can allow learners to use materials and other sources of information that are not always available in the class room. Some of us have the luxury of computers and projectors in class, others do not.
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The case for #3: Homework can help learners make more rapid progress in their language acquisition. Homework can provide valuable practice of the skills learned in the classroom. We know friendship that we are pushed for time and that each lesson is valuable contact time. We dont want to be going into too much detail or doing too many tasks on one language point, proposal regardless of whether or not the learners need. At some point, you need to provide ways for that practice to take place in the learners own time, so you can get on with new stuff next lesson! Key questions: does it compliment what youve done in class in a useful way? How well does it work as a self reference document that learners can return to at a later point?
Does it present new concepts? Does it go over something you did in class but in a like slightly different way? The case against #2: Lets face it, you dont really know what youre doing. As qualified as you might be and with as much knowledge of teaching pedagogy as you might have, do you honestly believe you know exactly what youre doing when you assign homework? What objectives are you aiming to cover? How will this further your learners ability to do whatever it is youve done in class? Granted, a lot of coursebooks have workbooks which are largely intended for self study, but you nevertheless have to be careful that there is a definite purpose behind what youre assigning. If you really must, consult your learners and ask them what they see as an appropriate follow-up task for them to do at home to supplement what you have done in class.
in a good way. Children will also be negatively affected by the addition of homework. If you really must, find out how much time your learners have to do homework and assign work accordingly. The case for #2: Homework helps learners remember the things theyve learned in class. Homework can do a great job of reinforcing the content of lessons, and provides a valuable opportunity for extra practice before they have a chance to forget everything! Basically, homework should always supplement and mentally click that I remember button, so dont assign new material because theres a big chance that A) they will not understand it, and B) they will become frustrated with the tasks, as well as being less open. This point is particularly important with classes that you see infrequently, as they have many chances to forget what you did in the last class! Key questions: Is this a useful reminder and revision of a tricky new language point?
Key questions: does this build on what you did in class? Will they be able to essay do it after what you did in class, or do they need more input? Is it something that would, realistically, have been a waste of class time, in terms of not maximizing their contact with you as their teacher? The case against #1: people need a life. If you teach adults, its almost entirely likely that they will have a work life and a social life outside of your classroom. Are you really doing them a favour by eating into this time with your demands that they do extra study? If you teach young learners, these children need unstructured play time to become social creatures more than they need homework from you. Homework can have a negative influence on learning experiences.
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Homework should we or shouldnt we? What are the benefits and what are the drawbacks? Are we really helping our learners develop their language skills or are we merely complicating dillard their lives? Here are my favourite four arguments for and against giving learners homework: The case for #1: Class time isnt enough and learners need extra practice. Homework should, above all else, serve to review and build upon what has been learned in class, or to offer further practice of something that was new and particularly tricky. With this in mind, make sure that whatever homework you assign can be completed by learners independently and with relative ease. Homework that gives the student an opportunity to further practice what he or she has just learned in class to further fix the concepts in their mind can be extremely worthwhile. Ideally, it should be something that is useful but that might have been boring had it been done in class (such as a gap fill exercise).