This essay will discuss how free will and destiny function in the two plays. First, the plays will be introduced and analyzed separately to provide a basis for contrast and comparison. Once the foundation is established, more advanced ideas will be discussed, such as the concept of evil and literal and figurative sight. Oedipus Rex will be discussed first. The role of destiny. Words: 1231 - pages: 5, king Henry Essay, sleep is precious. When we sleep, we escape reality for awhile and rest our minds and our bodies.
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After ten years of warfare, which placed an incredible strain on the zulu nation physically and emotionally, his half-brother, dingane, who succeeded him as ruler, assassinated him. Strike an enemy once and for all. Let him cease to exist as a tribe or he will live to fly in your throat again. Shaka post zulu showing his ruthless dictatorship. Shaka zulu was a nation builder of the first order. he transformed the. Not preeminently virtuous and just, whose misfortune, however, is brought upon by some error in judgment the change in the hero's fortune must not be from misery to happiness, but on the contrary, from happiness to misery." Sophocles' oedipus the king is a good example. In this story, oedipus moves, to put it this way, from "hero to zero." In his superior position Oedipus resolves to find evaluation the answers to the suffering in the land and unfortunately, his efforts lead to his downfall. Words: 2277 - pages:. King Shaka zulu Essay, king lear and King Oedipus Essay. William Shakespeares King lear and Sophocles Oedipus Rex are two classic pieces of literature that are worth studying.
He introduced new weaponery, developed a successful tactic called the horns of the buffalo and boosted the zulu army from 350 men to 20,000 well-trained, disciplined and fierce soldiers who conquered more than 11,000 square miles of territory. Shaka zulu due to his military expertise changed the face of south African warfare; building an impressive strong army so the zulus formed for decades a serious threat for boers and Britons. Although he was cruel, he performed as an exceptional organiser and commander. Shaka zulu caused great destruction and misery in large parts of southern Africa during the Mfecane, by controlling every aspect of the lives of his subjects and by putting them to death whenever he wanted. Shaka maintained a stealthy relationship with the europeans in Africa, especially the colonial leaders. However, other Africans, including some of his own people who hated the constant writing wars, disliked him. This is why many historians picture him as a cruel tyrant.
Shaka soon became well known and respected. Due to his past as a soldier, he could tell his warriors about the quickest and most efficient way of becoming powerful was by conquering other tribes. Shaka continued to praise dingiswayo as an overlord and idol to his warriors. Zwide still continued to be a bother, which caused the battle of Gqokli hill. It took place. Discuss the 3 different ways that historians have portrayed Shaka zulu. Historians have widely portrayed Shaka zulu, as a military genius, a cruel tyrant and a nation builder; every historian has their own opinion including myself. Shaka zulu is sometimes described as a military genius which in my opinion casts a more positive shadow over him even though war can be considered more of a negative. he led the zulu nation to military glory over their enemies due to a natural talent for leadership and still today he is an inspiration for African leaders.
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Shaka was born in 1787 and happiness was the child of Nandi, a daughter of Bhebhe, the past leader of a rival tribe, and Senzangakhona kajama, who was a zulu chieftain. Due to complications, Shaka ended for up spending his early childhood in his mothers settlements. When he was still young, Shaka was in the armed forces under the command of Dingiswayo and Mthewate. Shaka showed his courage and ability consistently under their command. When Shakas father died, his brother turn the crown for himself. Of course, shaka believed that he should be the chieftain of the zulus and with the air of Dingiswayo he had his brother assassinated.
Then Shaka assumed the crown. The zulus way of fighting was typically very defensive by nature. After Dingiswayo was killed by Zwide, a powerful chief of the Ndwandwe clan, Shaka felt the need to get revenge. He first murdered Zwides mother by locking her in a house with hyenas, showing his murderous and violent side. He didnt kill Zwide until later.
All subjects of the state became zulu and owed the king their personal allegiance. Zulu traditions of origin became the national traditions of the state. Customary Nguni festivals, such as planting and harvest celebrations, became occasions on which Shaka gathered vast numbers of his people and extolled the virtues of the state. Through such means, Shaka developed a zulu consciousness that transcended the original identities and lineages of the various peoples who were his subjects. During most of the 1820s, Shaka consolidated his power through a series of wars against neighboring peoples.
His armies raided for cattle and food; they attacked any who challenged the authority of the zulu monarch; and they extended the limits of Shaka's realm north to the borders of present-day mozambique, west across the Drakensberg mountains, and south to the margins of the. He also welcomed British traders to his kingdom and sent diplomatic emissaries to the British king. Shaka was assassinated at the height of his powers in 1828 and was succeeded by dingane, his half-brother and one of the assassins. Dingane was a much less accomplished ruler than the founder of the zulu state. His weak claim to the throne and his constant fear of assassination made him a despotic ruler. Dingane maintained the centralized and militarized organization of the zulu state and sent his armies out on raiding missions. Victories, however, were few because of the growing strength of neighboring African kingdoms, and by the end of the 1830s Dingane's hold on power was being challenged by internal discontent and external threats. Custom search, source:. 543 Words Jan 28th, 2018 2 Pages.
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He centralized power in the person of the king and his court, collected tribute from regional chiefs, and placed regiments throughout his state to ensure compliance with his orders. These regiments also looked after the royal herds and carried out public works. Women, too, were incorporated into their own age regiments, which were paired with male regiments to provide food and other services for the soldiers. Shaka resume forbade members of these regiments to marry, however, until they had completed their military service. For men this meant their late thirties, and for women their late twenties. Only after marriage could men and women leave their regiments and set up their own homesteads. Shaka fostered a new national identity by stressing the zuluness of the state.
he helped him become chief of the zulu upon the death of Senzangakona. Among the zulu, shaka consolidated a number of military innovations-some developed by dingiswayo, some dating back to the eighteenth century-to produce a powerful military machine. All young men were incorporated into age regiments and given military training. A short stabbing spear was introduced in addition to the traditional long throwing spears, giving Shaka's army an advantage in close combat. Military strategies, such as the "horn" formation by which Zulu regiments encircled their enemies, were perfected. When Dingiswayo was killed, Shaka with his military machine avenged his mentor's death, destroying the Ndwandwe in battle (two of Zwide's generals, Shoshangane and Zwangendaba, fled north and established kingdoms in present-day mozambique and southern Tanzania, respectively). Shaka then incorporated the Mthethwa under his rule, and established the zulu state as the dominant power among the northern Nguni. By the mid-1820s, Shaka ruled a kingdom of more than 100,000 people with a standing army of 40,000 men.
The zulu kingdom, arguably, would not have grown to what was seen during the 1820s if not for that of King Shaka, who took on the role of king after Dingiswayos death in 1818. As a young child of the zulu chief, Shaka took refuge with the Mthethwa tribe after being out casted by the zulus for allowing a sheep to be killed by a dog. Shaka and his mother, nandi, moved from clan to clan until they found acceptance with the Mthethwa tribe. Here, shaka grew into a man, and eventually a warrior where Shakas true power was seen and molded. Upon Dingiswayos death Shakas father, while paying homage to dingiswayo, found that his son had become a great man garden and leader. Upon his death, because of pressure of his wives, Shaka was not appointed the new chief of the zulu clan. This event would lead to Shakas rise to king and the rise of the zulu kingdom under Shaka. Shaka took it upon himself to kill his half-brother who was appointed king, and took the crown for himself. South Africa table of Contents, shaka zulu was born in 1787, the illegitimate son of Senzangakona, chief of the zulu clan.
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1614 Words Dec 27th, 2012 7 Pages. King of the zulu Tribe, shaka: Great leader or Bloodthirsty tyrant? One of the most documented African tribes is that of the zulu kingdom. The rise and fall of the zulu kingdom, in one way or another, relates to the most famous leader of the zulu Empire, shaka. Shaka brought the zulu tribe from the bottom to the top, and only until his assassination in 1828 did the zulu kingdom see a downfall in power and organization. Based on facts presented in case studies, as well as observing theories of state formation, it will determined if Shakas reign of power was that of a great leader or a power hungry, bloodthirsty tyrant. To get a better understanding of the zulu kingdom under Shakas rule, we must first analyze the history of the zulu show more content, as a state grows, regardless of the reason for expansion, the government must expand and become more structured and hierarchal. This, in turn, allows for a system of power to use power and expand while also developing an economic redistributive system. These two theories go hand in hand when explaining the development of the zulu kingdom.